July 24, 2020 Version 1.8
Hi our friends and allies,
Black, Indigenous, and People of Colour (BIPOC) Action Group for Diversity, Equity and Inclusion organized these resources to make it easier for you.
Level 1 is where I suggest you start. A basic overview about some of the issues, facts, and concepts. Things that are short, easy to access, and less intense.
Level 2 is a bit more challenging, takes a bit more time, but goes deeper.
Level 3 these resources are a bit more intense and take more time. A deeper understanding of both the issues and the ongoing emotional costs of systemic racism.
Additional Resources: we’ve included these to give you tools to further deepen your knowledge & education on things.
Thanks again for being an ally and remember that this journey is going to take some courage. You may not always know what to say and do; and your best intentions may be met with pain, anger, and hostility. Please know any negativity coming towards you may not be personal or mean that you’ve really screwed up. Historically, those of us who are BIPOC have had to suck it up for a long time and the present climate has a lot of us very triggered.
Also, the dynamic that happens with most couples can happen here too: Issues haven’t been addressed. You make it safe to talk. EVERYTHING tends to come out with all the pent up pressure and emotion that couldn’t come out in the past. Most of us have experienced this in our relationships.
This is where your toughness & courage as an ally really needs to show up. Just like with your partner, if you’re willing to hang in there, be curious, and listen with an open heart & mind the intensity tends to decrease as the other person feels heard, understood, and validated.
Remember to look for ways to put your new knowledge into practice. Also, let’s keep the conversation going on the EBC Facebook page. Let everyone know what you did, how it felt, and how it worked out, along with other general thoughts. Once again thanks for being in the trenches with us.
The history of race (PBS special):
Why Europeans enslaved Africans:
Uncomfortable Conversations with A Black Man:
(*subscribe for more ‘Uncomfortable Conversations with A Black Man’ episodes)
Uncomfortable Conversations with A Black Man Episode 1
Uncomfortable Conversations with A Black Man Episode 2
Uncomfortable Conversations with A Black Man Episode 3
“The Doll Test”
Netflix series “Explained”:
Season 1 The Racial Wealth Gap
Season 2 Pirates
John Leguizamo’s Latin History for Morons
Kevin Hart’s Guide to Black History
Last Week Tonight with John Oliver:
https://youtu.be/J5b_-TZwQ0I (The Confederacy)
Talking About Race | National Museum of African American History and Culture:
Canadian Museum for Human Rights
Ted Talk: What it Takes to be Racially Literate:
Ted Talk: What Prosecutors & Incarcerated People Can Learn from Each Other:
How to Talk to Kids about Race:
Explaining ”Jim Crow”:
Q&A About the Confederacy:
White Privilege: What Is White Privilege, Really? | Teaching Tolerance:
CNN talking about the public education system failing us for race education today:
African “Discovery” of America:
How Dave Chappelle Schooled White Woman On ‘Police Brutality’ – CH News:
How Can We Win:
13TH FULL FEATURE-Netflix:
Full Episode: Where Do We Go From Here? (Part 1) | OWN Spotlight | Oprah:
Full Episode: Where Do We Go From Here? (Part 2) | OWN Spotlight | Oprah:
Here are some additional resources:
The Choice (P&G Resources: Go here to Donate, Read, Watch, and Engage):
Scaffolded Anti-Racist Resources:
YouTube setup a ‘stand against racial injustice’ channel (advertising it on the homepage):
Anti-Racism & Unlearning Resources:
158 Resources to Understand Racism in America:
75 Things White People Can Do for Racial Justice:
Eyes on the Prize | American Experience | Official Site | PBS:
Watch Eyes on the Prize YouTube:
Entire Playlist (https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLfUJ8lTZUqUFx4V7yvomTplFSBq6MBc1E)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ts10IVzUDVw (episode 1)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4D5xwC6M_Gk (episode 2)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aXG9lqr6qk4 (episode 3)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6YYaaEffMFk (episode 4)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aP2A6_2b6g8 (episode 5)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IdpeRWj1P4w (episode 6)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EPMMU3QoR90 (episode 7)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rh3yG6SFzVo (episode 8)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ktcv6BOL38 (episode 9)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wQJP0Yj5GO0 (episode 10)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1WmVeDSZ8T8 (episode 11)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V1BlbVOOH7I (episode 12)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zn2-TT_Bk1M (episode 13)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RC8JjbV5jIw (episode 14)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DLP8AoXnVAY (episode 15)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=28CExaXv7aA&list=PLfUJ8lTZUqUFx4V7yvomTplFSBq6MBc1E&index=17&t=0s (Rosa Parks Interview)
White Supremacy is NOT (just) the KKK – Some Definitions to Help Make Sense Of It All
White Supremacy is an insidious doctrine that started during colonialism and slavery to justify and legitimize European powers’ global quest for wealth. This doctrine was spread around the globe and is the foundation for systemic racism. The problem is that it is now mostly unconscious and “baked into” religion, education, healthcare, the justice system, government, culture, etc. This means that, at this point in history, White Supremacy is just an unconscious, foundational organizing principle that most people act out but are never aware of (a presupposition).
The doctrine of White Supremacy sets up people with white skin (usually male) as the highest (or at least the default) standard of humanity. The philosophy teaches that as you go down the “color ladder” and the skin darkens, so does value, intelligence, culture, history, contribution, and even membership in the human race. People with black skin are on the lowest rung of the ladder. This was actually taught from elementary to graduate school as a “scientific truth” under the term “Race” or “The Races of the World” until relatively recently.
The belief still persists in practice and in our institutions. Hence the systemic nature of racism. Extreme expressions of this doctrine are seen in the police brutality now being exposed and the terrorist organizations of the KKK, Skinheads, etc. Nobody is immune. We are all unconsciously caught in the system – as both victims and agents (“unconscious bias”). We only break free by becoming knowledgeable and choosing to address it when we see it. “White Supremists (or Supremacists)”, like the KKK and other organizations, consciously promote and support the ideals of White Supremacy.
Racial Discrimination: is discriminating, or making decisions, about people based on their “race”. The relative power position of the individuals involved is not a factor.
Racism: is the marginalization of people based on their “race” from people of a higher “racial” position to people of a lower position. (i.e. The act of discrimination by people with white skin towards people of color, based on “race”, would be considered racist. But people of color discriminating against white people would not be considered racist by this definition because of their lower position on the “color ladder”.)
You don’t have to attend or support a cross burning to be racist. And, not every person with white skin who discriminates again a person of color is consciously racist. The truth is that we’re ALL caught in the system and so, to varying degrees, unconsciously act out our conditioning to value others according to the “color ladder” (White Supremacy doctrine). This means that when the terms “racist” or “racism” are used, given the systematic nature of racism, it may not be as personal as you think. But you should still be open-minded about your behavior. The idea is to recognize that you don’t always know – so listen to people who have the experience of being marginalized, and be sensitive to their experiences and feedback. Remember it’s hard to notice a system that doesn’t impact you directly or personally on a day-to-day basis.
This term brings up a lot of emotion for people who are black and for people who are white. It does NOT mean that if you’re white your life is automatically easy or that you didn’t have to work for what you achieved. It actually refers to one of the results of the “White Supremacy” doctrine. I have heard it described this way by a sociologist who is white: Pretend life is like swimming in a river. The further you travel the better you do. Obviously how far you get depends on if you’re a better swimmer or if you swim harder or for longer. The catch is that if you’re white you swim WITH the current and if your black you swim AGAINST it. That’s how white privilege works. The system is slanted in your favor and against everyone else (it’s worse based on the darkness of their skin – the “color ladder”).
Obviously, a good swimmer who’s going against the current can sometimes get further than a poor swimmer who is going with the current. But this situation is pretty rare. And even when it does happen, there are things that the person moving with the current (white privilege) will never have to think about. An example that is being played out right now is how a person with black skin has to think about and strategize for their safety (and that of their children) every day – just in case they have to interact with the police. Or navigating systems like financial, medical, educational, employment, housing, etc. where they may not be assured of fair or equal treatment or access.
Two more examples of white supremacy, racism, and white privilege (and their impact):
1. I’m a Black man, but because my skin is lighter, I have “light-skin privilege” and a different experience than my son and wife who have darker skin. (This is the insidious nature of the color ladder or the doctrine of white supremacy.) Although we’re all black and in the same family, I need to listen with an open mind and heart because their experience is different than mine is. Unfortunately, it took a while to realize and accept this myself.
2. A very obvious, but unfortunately not so rare, example of white privilege gone to an extreme is the case of the Coopers below. Where a black man who was bird watching was threatened with the police because he asked a white woman to put her dog on a leash in an on-leash area of Central Park in NY. https://globalnews.ca/news/6986111/central-park-karen-amy-cooper-dog/